Basic design.

This is probably the most popular layout used in stair design. although the top and bottom of the flights may have winders to change the angle that you enter or leave the flight, the basic setting out of the stringer, newel post and handrail work in the same way.

This style of flight is very easy to stack when access to multiple levels is required.


  1. When setting out, Make sure that the balustrade stingers are set over each other and the landing fascias are positioned correctly. – If this is not done, you will create problems when fitting the handrail and spindles.
  2. Cut string flights, make sure the stringer face position is correct – else the spindle will lean when fitted or not align with the stringer face.
Straight flight with newels and no stairwell.
Straight flight with newels and no stairwell.

Further design guides.

Here we will have a closer look at how the handrail diminishes under the flight above or under the ceiling line of the floor above.

Diminishing handrail rebate.

How the handrail is rebated around the ceiling line and under the stringers.

This allows for the diminishing spindles to be set in under the handrail rather than into the edge of the plastered ceiling.

Diminishing handrail under ceiling or stringer.
diminishing handrail under ceiling and stringer.

Stringer position in newels.

How to set the stringer position in the newels for the cut and closed strings.

Vertical cut line, cut stringer handrail.
Vertical cut line, cut stringer handrail.

Still to add:-

Fascia position for landings.

Landing nosing design and position.